The current status of Valasimir Putin as the president of Russia, is only a tip of the iceberg to the rungs of the ladder he has stepped. Born in October 7, 1952 in St. Petersburg, Russia, The 69-year-old former Russian intelligence officer and politician’s has his political office chronicled as follows: Russia prime minister (1999-2000),
president (2000-2008), Russia
minister (2008-2012), Russia
president (2012- date), Russia prime.
PUTIN HAD HIS EDUCATION AT LENINGRAD, WHERE HE STUDIED LAW and has Anatoly Sobchak, later one of the leading reform politicians of the perestroika period as his tutor. He rendered 15 years service as a foreign intelligence officer for the KGB (Committee for State Security), and six years in Dresden, East Germany. The clock of retirement meet him In 1990, when he retired from active KGB service with the rank of lieutenant colonel and retreated to Russia where he became prorector of Leningrad State University, saddled with the responsibility of the institution’s external relations. Subsequently, Putin rose to became an adviser to Sobchak, the first popularly elected mayor of St. Petersburg. His loyalty, people-skill and commitment soon won Sobchak’s confidence and he became known for his ability to get things done; and by 1994 the crown of the first deputy mayor was already on hi head. IN 1996, THE TRAIN OF LEADERSHIP MOVED PUTIN TO MOSCOW, where he enlisted in the presidential staff as deputy to Pavel Borodin, the Kremlin’s chief administrator.
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His calm-headedness to fellow Leningrader Anatoly Chubais elevated him in administrative positions. President Boris Yeltsin, In July 1998, facilitated Putin’s position as the director of the Federal Security Service (FSB; the KGB’s domestic successor), and briefly thereafter, he rose to the rank of secretary of the influential Security Council. The satisfaction Putin gave to Yeltsin’s taste for who will succeed his mantle, led to THE APPOINTMENT OF PUTIN AS THE PRIME MINISTER IN 1999. It makes no bone of the fact that he was virtually unknown, Putin’s public-approval ratings floated when he launched a well-articulated military operation against secessionist revolutionaries in Chechnya.
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Drained by years of Yeltsin’s unpredictable behaviour, the Russian public enjoyed Putin’s coolness and decisiveness under pressure. As a Democrat, Putin’s backing to a new electoral bloc, Unity, guaranteed its success in the December parliamentary elections.
Yeltsin unexpectedly declared his resignation and appointed Putin acting president on December 31,1999after being in office as president for two terms. With the Promise to overhaul a weakened Russia, the austere and reserved Putin easily clinched victory in the March 2000 elections with no fewer than 53 percent of the vote. As president, he aimed to end corruption and create a strongly regulated market economy.
As a matter of urgency, Putin swiftly reasserted control over Russia’s 89 regions and republics, splitting them into seven new federal districts, with each headed by a representative appointed by the president. The right of regional governors to sit in the Federation Council, the upper house of the Russian parliament was also revoked. The decisive president then proceeded to reduce the power of Russia’s undemocratic financiers and media tycoons—the so-called “oligarchs”—by shouting down many media outlets and instituting criminal proceedings against several leading figures. PUTIN CONFRONTED A DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCE IN CHECHNYA, particularly from rebels who Staged Terrorist Attacks In Moscow And Guerilla Attacks On Russian Troops from the region’s mountains; IN 2002 PUTIN DECLARED THE MILITARY CAMPAIGN OVER, BUT CASUALTIES REMAINED HIGH.
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Supervising dwindling economy to enjoy growth after a lengthy recession in the 1990s, Putin was effortlessly reelected in March 2004. The parliamentary elections in December 2007 witnessed Putin’s party, United Russia, win an overwhelming majority of seats. In as much as the fairness of the elections raised lots of questions by international observers and by the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, the results however affirmed Putin’s power. And With a constitutional provision compelling Putin to step down in 2008, he chose Dmitry Medvedev as his successor.
Shortly after Medvedev’s victory in the March 2008 presidential election by a landslide, Putin declared openly that he had accepted the position of chairman of the United Russia party. Corroborating the widespread expectations, Medvedev appointed Putin as the country’s prime minister just within hours of taking office on May 7, 2008. Russia’s parliament confirmed the appointment the day after. Medvedev grew more assertive as his term progressed, however, Putin was still perceived as the main power within the Kremlin.READ ALSO THE FALL OUT OF RUSSIAN-UKRAINE WAR
As many speculated that Medvedev might contest for a second term, he declared in September 2011 that he and Putin would, pending a United Russia victory at the polls, trade positions. The Spreading irregularities in parliamentary elections in December 2011 provoked a wave of popular protest, and Putin faced a surprisingly strong opponent movement in the presidential race. However, on March 4, 2012, Putin was elected to a third term as Russia’s president. In advance of his inauguration, Putin resigned as United Russia chairman, handing control of the party to Medvedev. He was inaugurated as president on May 7, 2012, and one of his first acts upon assuming office was to nominate Medvedev to serve as prime minister.